Introduction to Organic/Biochemistry w/Lab
A continuation of CHEM& 121. A survey of organic and biochemistry including hydrocarbons, alcohols, aldehydes and ketones, acids and their derivatives, carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and metabolism. This course does not prepare a student for a second year of chemistry. 4 lecture hours; 2 lab hours. Satisfies science or lab requirement area B distribution or specified elective for the AA degree.
Prerequisites: A grade of "C" or better in CHEM& 121 or instructor p ermission. Corequisite: Concurrent enrollment in CHEM& 131 La b.
- Classify, name, and write formulas for hydrocarbons and their halogen derivatives; describe their physical properties, including trends in boiling point.
- Recognize structural and geometric isomers.
- Predict the products of addition reactions to alkenes, including the formation of addition polymers.
- Classify, name, and write formulas for alcohols, ethers, aldehydes and ketones, carboxylic acids, and esters; describe their physical properties, including trends in boiling point and water solubility.
- Define terms associated with oxidation and reduction; predict the products of the oxidation and/or reduction of alcohols, aldehydes and ketones, and carboxylic acids.
- Predict the products of reactions involving the formation and hydrolysis of esters and polyesters.
- Classify, name, and write formulas for amines and amides; describe their physical properties and the reactions involved in the formation of amides and polyamides.
- Recognize the physiological effects of amines and amides, including common alkaloids and analgesics.
- Recognize and classify the products of reactions of aldehydes and ketones with alcohols.
- Understand the origin of optical isomerization.
- Define and know the physical properties of carbohydrates.
- Recognize, classify, and know the biological functions of common mono-, di-, and polysaccharides.
- Describe the biological functions of proteins.
- Recognize and classify amino acids; understand how they are polymerized to form polypeptides; describe the four levels of protein structure and the forces that stabilize them.
- Understand how enzymes function and the factors that affect enzyme-catalyzed reactions.
- Describe the structures and functions of DNA and RNA and the processes of replication, transcription, and translation.
- Describe the effects of mutations on protein structure.
- Understand methods for producing genetically modified organisms.
- Define catabolism and anabolism and explain the roles of the ATP cycle and of oxidizing and reducing agents in these processes.
- Understand the role of mitochondria in the common catabolic pathway.
- Describe the catabolism of glucose, including the functions of glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation, and fermentation.
- Describe the metabolic fates of complex carbohydrates, fatty acids, and proteins.
- Understand the physiological effects of uncontrolled diabetes.